% This is to make a full length paper of 4th symposium on
% Turbulence, Heat and Mass Transfer to be held in Antalya, Turkey.
% All rights reserved. Organizing committee
% Created by H. Hattori
% Department of Mechanical Engineering, Nagoya Institute of Technology
% Gokiso-cho, Showa-ku, Nagoya 466-855, JAPAN
% e-mail hattori@heat.mecch.nitech.ac.jp
% if you use the LaTeX, please use the following line.
% if you use the LaTeX2e, please remove "%" marks at top of following lines.

\runninghead{I. Antalya et al.}

\title{Authors' Instructions for the Fourth International\\
Symposium on Turbulence, Heat and Mass Transfer}
\author{I. Antalya$^1$, C. Turkey$^1$, and H. Nagoya$^2$\\
{\normalsize\it $^1$Department of Mechanical Engineering, Middle East Technical University, 06531 Ankara, Turkey}\\
{\normalsize\it $^2$Department of Mechanical Engineering, Nagoya Institute of Technology, Gokiso-cho, Showa-ku, Nagoya 466-8555, Japan}}



\begin{abstract} % Maximum 150 words.
This document describes the use of the {\tt thmt-03} style file for the preparation of papers accepted for oral presentation at the Fourth International Symposium on Turbulence, Heat and Mass Transfer, to be held in Antalya, Turkey, on 12-17 October, 2003. The general style is based on the standard \LaTeX article style. Those who do not use the \LaTeX word processor can use this document as a guideline for the layout of their paper. This document was prepared using the {\tt thmt-03} style file. The abstract should not contain more than 150 words.

The {\tt thmt-03} style file is the general style file that should be
used when submitting a paper in \LaTeX\ format (2.09).
This style file is based on `plain' \LaTeX.
It can also be processed by \LaTeX 2$\varepsilon$ format, in which
the header for \LaTeX 2$\varepsilon$ is used in this document.
If you do not use the \LaTeX\ typesetting program, you can use these
instructions as general guidelines for your own word processor,
as far as layout and font size is concerned.

Please note that the layout generated by this style file is based on A4 paper.
The chosen font size is 12pt, because in a later stage the papers will be
reduced to fit in a standard B5 book format.
Do not stretch the page-width or -length in order to squeeze in more
words or lines of text.

In general, you should use standard \LaTeX\ commands as much as possible.
Only create your own macros when absolutely necessary and
{\it always\/} put them in the preamble.
If you submit your document as a \LaTeX\ file,
you should make sure that we receive and/or can obtain {\it all\/}
included macro files (and figures!) with your submission.
Otherwise, you should submit your document as a {\bf PostScript file or PDF file}.

\section{Getting Started}
The {\tt thmt-03} style file is addressed by:\\
for \LaTeX\\
\verb+\documentclass[12pt,twoside]{article}+ \\
\verb+\usepackage{tmht-03}+ \\
\verb+\usepackage{times}+ \\
for \LaTeX2$\varepsilon$. The file {\tt thmt-03.sty} should be accessible for your \LaTeX\ installation,
so you should put it in a directory where \LaTeX\ can find it.
If you do not have the possibility to generate PostScript fonts, the
\verb+times+ style between the rectangular brackets should be omitted.
Other styles that may be included, optionally, are the \verb+psfig+ style
for the inclusion of PostScript figures in your document, and
the \verb+subeqn+ style for numbered sub-equations.

The \verb+thm3t+ style automatically defines the paper layout.
For those who do not use \LaTeX, the following guidelines should be used.
The font type should be Times Roman, 12pt size.
The text width should be 160 mm, with left- and right-hand side margins
of 25 mm.
The text height is 240 mm, with a bottom margin of 25 mm.
The top margin is 18 mm.
The vertical space between the running heads and the body of the text is
9 mm. The running head itself is 3 mm high.

\section{Running Heads}
You can make your own running head by using the
\verb+\runninghead+ command, where you put
the name of the first author of the paper between the curly braces.
If the paper has two authors, you should the names of both authors
between the braces.
If the paper has three or more authors, you should put only the name of
the first author, followed by {\it et al.}.
This command should be inserted in the preamble.
The \verb+thm3t+ style will automatically create the appropriate running
head for your paper.

\section{Paper Title}
The paper title should be defined in the preamble of the \LaTeX\ document.
(It is typeset in 20pt font size.)
The title will be printed automatically by typing the \verb+\maketitle+
command inside your document.

\section{Author Names and Affiliations}
To supply the names and addresses of each author, the \verb+\author+
command should be used in the preamble.
Within the \verb+\author+ command, you can specify the names of all
authors, followed by the respective institutes.
After the author names you should use backslashes to create a new line.
Each new institute/affiliation should begin on a new line.
You can use the indexing command in math mode to generate the
appropriate reference numbers for each author and institute (see this
Please avoid using the \verb+\thanks+ command, which will create a
footnote at the bottom of the title page.
Please also refrain from using the \verb+\date+ command.

The author names should be typeset in 14pt font size, whereas
the affiliations should be given in 12pt italic font.
If you use \LaTeX, the {\tt thmt-03} style will take care of this.

\section{Sections and (Sub)Subsections}
A section starts with the command: \\
\verb!\section{The Title of This Section}!.\\
If the subsection title is too long, you can break it
at an appropriate place by using
(The two backslashes (\verb!\\!) without the \verb!\protect! command do not work here).

For the section titles, you should use Initial Capitals for each
word (see this document).
(Sub)subsection titles should be typed using an Initial Capital and
the rest in lower case (see this document).

For those who do not use \LaTeX : the section titles are typeset in
14pt boldface font; the subsection titles are given in 12pt boldface font.
The subsubsections and paragraphs are typeset in 12pt italic font.
The vertical space between section titles and the body of the text is 2 mm.
The vertical space between the body of the text and the next section title
is 7 mm.

The equations appearing in your paper should be numbered consecutively
using the \verb+equation+ environment.
If necessary, you may apply the \verb+subequation+ environment for
subnumbering of a set of equations.
Make sure that you include the appropriate style file in your document.
In general, equations should be centered on the page.
The equation numbers should be flush right.

\section{Figures and Tables}
The {\tt figure} environment produces space and a figure caption
in the text. The numbering of figures is automatic.
\vspace{5cm} % Amount of vertical space needed
You may use \psfig here for PostScript figures.
\caption{Caption text.}
Please try to put figures as much as possible at the top of the page.

Tables can be generated in several environments for which we
kindly advise you to refer to the \LaTeX\ manual.
An example of the convenient {\tt tabular} environment for
simple tables follows.
\caption{Caption text.}
Description 1 & Description 2 & Description 3\\ \hline
Row 1, Col 1 & Row 1, Col 2 & Row 1, Col 3 \\
Row 2, Col 1 & Row 2, Col 2 & Row 2, Col 3 \\ \hline

\caption{Caption text.}
Description 1 & Description 2 & Description 3\\ \hline
Row 1, Col 1 & Row 1, Col 2 & Row 1, Col 3\\
Row 2, Col 1 & Row 2, Col 2 & Row 2, Col 3\\ \hline

Please use vertical rules between the columns, but try to avoid too many
horizontal rules between rows.
You should, however, always use the following three horizontal rules:
a top rule, a middle rule and a bottom rule.
Also, when tabulating numbers with a decimal point, make sure that
the numbers are aligned on the decimal point.
This may require some extra care.

\subsubsection{Positioning of tables}

The position of a table in the text may not always be appropriate.
As with figures, \LaTeX\ tries to put it wherever possible on the
top of the page.
On some occasions you may wish to put it at one
particular spot in the text. The option {\tt [h]} can then be used:
It is acknowledged that positioning of figures and tables is by
no means straightforward.

\subsubsection{Rotating a table}

Rotating a table (landscape) is to be avoided as much as possible.
If absolutely necessary, the rotated table should occupy one entire
You can rotate a table by putting it in the \verb+rotate+ environment,
but then you should include the \verb+rotate+ style in your document.


Acknowledgements can be given in a separate section after the conclusions
but before the list of references.
It is declared as a numberless section: \verb+\section*{Acknowledgements}+.

An Appendix can be generated by using the \verb!\appendix!
command, followed by a \verb!\section! command. This results in a
Roman numbered Appendix section.

When you use BiB\TeX\ for your references, we kindly refer
you to Section~\ref{bibtex} below.

References are inserted in the {\tt thebibliography} environment.
We use only the numbered style of references.
You should start the {\tt thebibliography} environment with the command:
\bibitem{ref1} ...
The second pair of curly braces should contain a number that corresponds
with the widest number in the reference list below it.

You should label every \verb!\bibitem! by putting a key between the
curly braces, e.g.:\\
\verb!\bibitem{Smith91}! (Please note the missing square brackets.)
In your paper you can refer to this \verb!\bibitem! with \verb!\cite{Smith91}!.

The \verb!\cite! command will produce the number of the reference in
square brackets, e.g. [2].
You must do the formatting of the bibitems yourself.
The layout conventions are taken care of by \LaTeX .
At the end of this document you will find a sample of some possible references.
Please note that there is no extra vertical space between consecutive

You may use BiB\TeX, but if you do so, please be sure that you send
all the necessary files with the \LaTeX\ source file, i.e.\ the {\tt
bbl}\ file.
You should use the unsorted bibliographystyle, to be active
by the command \verb+\bibliographystyle{unsrt}+.
For a further description of BiB\TeX,
we kindly refer you to the \LaTeX\ manual for its use.

\section{Additional \LaTeX Files}
Producing a camera-ready paper requires {\tt times.sty}, {\tt psgreek.sty}
and {\tt psfonts.sty}.
These files are available from many sources from which \LaTeX\ styles
can be obtained.
For your convenience, all style files related to this document
have been made accessible on our Symposium Webpage.
If you have any problems in transferring these files, please inform
the Symposium Secretary.
Also on the www-server you will find {\tt psfig.sty} for the inclusion
of PostScript files.
The {\tt thmt-03.sty} file and this instruction document (\verb+instruction.tex+)
are available from the same site.\par

\section{Paper Length}
The maximum paper length for keynote lectures is 14 pages.
The maximum paper length for oral presentations is 8 pages.
%The maximum paper length for poster presentations is 6 pages.

\section{Paper Submission}
You may submit your final paper by standard mail, as a camera-ready manuscript.
All figures should be included in your document.
Please make sure that you use laser-printer quality with sufficient
resolution (600 dpi, preferably).
As an alternative, you may also submit your paper in PostScript format or PDF file by e-mail. Again, make sure that the resolution is sufficient.
Finally, if you use \LaTeX\, you may submit your paper by e-mail
as an ASCII \LaTeX\ file; in that case you should submit the figures


Please comply with the deadline for submission of the camera-ready paper.
This deadline is:
{\large\bf May 31, 2003}

The Organizing Committee wishes to present the hard-bound Proceedings
at the start of the Symposium.
Those papers which will fail to comply with
the deadline will not be published in the Proceedings.

The Organizing Committee will arrange for a special issue of one (or more)
international journals on fluid flow, turbulence, and heat and mass transfer,
for a selection of the best papers submitted to this Symposium.

If you encounter problems, please contact the Symposium Secretary:

Prof. F. Arinc\\
Department of Mechanical Engineering\\
Middle East Technical University,\\
06531 Ankara\\
Tel: +90 312 210 5214\\
Fax: +90 312 210 1331\\
E-mail: arinc@metu.edu.tr\\
URL: http://www.ichmt.org/Thmt-03


U.~Maas and S.B. Pope.
\newblock Simplifying chemical kinetics: Intrinsic low-dimensional manifolds in
composition space.
\newblock {\em Combustion and Flame}, 88:239--264, 1992.

S.M. Correa and S.B. Pope.
\newblock Comparison of a {Monte} {Carlo} {PDF}/finite-volume mean flow model
with bluff-body {Raman} data.
\newblock In {\em Twenty-Fourth Symposium (international) on Combustion}, pp.\
279--285, 1992.

H.A. Wouters, P.A. Nooren, T.W.J. Peeters, and D.~Roekaerts.
\newblock Simulation of a bluff-body-stabilized diffusion flame using
second-moment closure and {Monte} {Carlo} methods.
\newblock In {\em Twenty-Sixth Symposium (international) on Combustion}, 1996.



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\noindent \footnotesize{\emph{Turbulence, Heat and Mass Transfer 4\\}}


\noindent \footnotesize{\emph{K. Hanjali\'{c}, Y. Nagano and M. Tummers (Editors)\\}}


\noindent \footnotesize{\emph{\copyright 2003 Begell House, Inc.}} \\



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\noindent\small {\bf Abstract} --- %\quotation

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